Write a procedure that, given two integers L and R, produces the integer that results from interleaving the binary representation of L and R. For example, suppose L is 23 and R is 13. The binary representation of L is 10111. The binary representation of R is 1101. If we interleave the bits (starting with R and padding with zeros when necessary) we get 1001111011. The answer is therefore 635.
Of course this is easy if you print the numbers and then do string manipulation. Can you do it with arithmetic? Can you extend it to handle negative numbers?